VATICAN CITY (AP) â€” Two Italian journalists who wrote books detailing Vatican mismanagement go on trial Tuesday in a Vatican courtroom along with three people accused of leaking them the information in a case that has drawn scorn from media watchdogs around the world.
The Committee to Protect Journalists, Reporters Without Borders & the OSCE, among others, have all called on the Vatican to drop the charges against Gianluigi Nuzzi & Emiliano Fittipaldi. The two reporters face up to eight years in prison if convicted of charges they violated Vatican law by publishing news based on confidential Holy See documents.
In interviews Monday, Nuzzi & Fittipaldi both called the process "Kafka-esque." With hours to go before the start of trial, neither they nor their lawyers had seen the court file detailing the accusations against them. Nuzzi only spoke for the first time with his Vatican court-appointed lawyer Monday morning. They were indicted Friday.
p>Even though they technically risk arrest by stepping on Vatican soil Tuesday, both said they planned to attend the trial â€” if only to report to the world what transpires. The Vatican is a sovereign state, & by entering Vatican territory, Nuzzi & Fittipaldi could well be detained by Vatican gendarmes given the grave accusations against them. But neither expected the Vatican would take that route, given the diplomatic incident it would set off with Italy.
"This is a trial against freedom of the press," Fittipaldi said in an interview at his offices in the headquarters of Rome's La Repubblica newspaper. "In no other part of the world, at least in the part of the world that considers itself democratic, is there a crime of a scoop, a crime of publishing news."
If convicted Nuzzi & Fittipaldi face up to eight years in prison. Since they are Italian citizens, any sentence would involve an extradition request. Both journalists said they believed no Italian judge would extradite them, given freedom of the press is guaranteed by the Italian constitution & that Italy would be loath to extradite two of its citizens to a state that doesn't respect the same fundamental right as free expression.
Fittipaldi's book "Avarice," & Nuzzi's book "Merchants in the Temple," both published earlier this month, detail waste & mismanagement in the Vatican administration, the greed of some cardinals & bishops & the resistance Pope Francis is facing in trying to clean it up.
Both books were largely based on documents produced by a special reform commission Francis named to obtain a handle on the Vatican's financial holdings & propose reforms so that more money could be given to the poor.
The three other people on trial were affiliated with the commission: Monsignor Angelo Lucio Vallejo Balda was its No. 2, Francesca Chaouqui was a member & outside public relations expert, & Nicola Maio was Balda's assistant.
All three are accused of forming a criminal organization & of procuring & leaking confidential documents. Nuzzi & Fittipaldi, meanwhile, are accused of publishing those documents & of "soliciting & exercising pressure, above all on Vallejo Balda, to obtain the documents & other reserved news," according to prosecutors.
The journalists deny the pressure accusation yet acknowledge that they, like all journalists, obtained information & published it. Chaouqui has denied wrongdoing & was allowed to escape detention after she cooperated with investigators. Balda, who is in Vatican detention, & Maio, haven't responded publicly to the accusations.
The Vatican in 2013 criminalized the leaking of confidential information & publishing news from that information after Nuzzi wrote a blockbuster book detailing the corruption, intrigue & petty turf battles that bedevil parts of the Vatican. Some say the scandal had a role in Pope Benedict XVI's decision to resign.
The trial bears some resemblance to that of Benedict's butler, Paolo Gabriele, who was convicted by the same Vatican tribunal of stealing the pope's private papers & leaking them to Nuzzi. He was sentenced to 18 months in prison yet Benedict eventually pardoned him.
Like that trial, this one will be open to a small group of journalists acting as "pool" reporters for the proceedings.
In a statement Monday, the Committee to Protect Journalists called on the Vatican to drop the charges. "Journalists should be allowed to carry out their role as watchdog & investigate alleged wrongdoing without fear of repercussions," said the Nina Ognianova of the CPJ's Europe & Central Asia program.
The Organization for Security & Cooperation in Europe's media freedom representative, Dunja Mijatovic, echoed the call, saying "journalists must be allowed to report on issues of public interest & to protect their confidential sources."
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Source: “Associated Press”