Comet lander falls silent, scientists fear it has moved

Comet lander falls silent, scientists fear it has moved

BERLIN (Reuters) – The Philae comet lander has fallen silent, European scientists said on Monday, raising fears that it has moved again on its new home millions of miles from Earth.

The fridge-sized robotic lab, which landed on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko in November, last made contact on July 9 & efforts to reach it again have so far failed, experts working for the historic European Space Agency project said.

The lander – the first mission to land on a comet, this one traveling as swift as 135,000 kph – initially bounced & landed in a position too shadowy to power its solar panels.

p> It woke up in June as the comet moved closer to the sun. But the latest data suggests something, possibly a gas emission, may have moved it again, the scientists said.

"The profile of how strongly the sun is falling on which panels has changed from June to July, & this does not seem to be explained by the course of the seasons on the comet alone," Stephan Ulamec, Philae project manager at the DLR German Aerospace Centre said in a statement.

Philae's antenna may have been obstructed, & one of its transmitters appears to have stopped working, the team said.

There was no answer to a command sent to activate Philae's ROMAP instrument to determine the comet's plasma environment & magnetic field.

Communications between Philae & its Rosetta orbiter are moreover tricky because the increasing amounts of dust thrown off by the comet as it approaches the Sun make it complex for the orbiter to stay close to the comet, they added.

Scientists have now sent out a command telling Philae to use just one transmitter, & have started moving the orbiter to a safer distance around 170-190 km from the comet

Until July 24, Rosetta will orbit a path that may allow it to contact the lander & then it will fly over the southern hemisphere of the comet to observe it with its own 11 instruments.

"Philae is obviously still functional, because it sends us data, even if it does so at irregular intervals & at surprising times," Ulamec said.

(Reporting by Victoria Bryan; Editing by Andrew Heavens)

Philae comet landerEuropean Space Agency

Source: “Reuters”

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